The Journey of a Decade of Indonesia’s SSC: Contribution to the Achievement of Sustainable Development

Segera Terbit

The Journey of a Decade of Indonesia’s SSC: Contribution to the Achievement of Sustainable Development

Universitas Indonesia Team
Asra Virgianita, Ph.D. | Universitas Indonesia
Agung Nurwijoyo, M.Sc. | Universitas Indonesia
Kirana Virajati, S.Hub.Int. | Universitas Indonesia
Fraka Dawa Putra Agswenko | Universitas Indonesia
Siti Zahra Aqilahanif | Universitas Indonesia
Center for Multilateral Policy Strategy Team
Leonard Felix Hutabarat | Center for Multilateral Policy Strategy
Lucky Nugraha | Center for Multilateral Policy Strategy
Andri Haekal Karnadibrata | Center for Multilateral Policy Strategy
Gede Resnadiasa | Center for Multilateral Policy Strategy
Naldo Helmys | Center for Multilateral Policy Strategy

This book summarizes achievements of Indonesia’s South-South Cooperation (ISSC) in a decade under the National Coordination Team of SSC (NCT) which was officially established through the Minister of National Development Planning/ National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) Regulation No. 67 of 2011. Ten years of NCT’s performance are the right momentum to measure benchmarks of what has been achieved.

The Indonesian Government needs to study this progress and provides complete success stories and lessons learned for the better future development of ISSC. For this reason, the book “The Journey of a Decade of Indonesia’s SSC: Contribution to the Achievement of Sustainable Development” is presented as the fruit of thought from the partnership that has been forged by the Center for Multilateral Policy Strategy (PSKM) – Foreign Policy Strategy Agency (BSKLN) with the Center for International Relations Studies, Social and Political Research and Development Institute (CIReS LPPSP) – FISIP, Universitas Indonesia.

SSC is not a new concept for Indonesia. It has a long historical root since the Asian-African Conference (AAC) conducted in 1955 derived from the spirit of decolonization. It represents the embodiment of developing countries’ solidarity through the economic and technical cooperation actualization. Moreover, SSC serves as an alternative to the dominance of the Global North in the realm of international development cooperation. SSC has implemented various projects based on experience-sharing activities, such as technical and technological expertise exchange. Acknowledging the SSC’s potential, the United Nations adopted this development cooperation concept in 1978 through the Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA) on Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries.

Indonesia has been consistently implementing the SSC program regularly since the 1980s. The development of Indonesia’s SSC over the past decade has seen significant growth in the number and types of programs implemented. Despite its existence for decades, serious efforts are still needed to increase public awareness of this cooperation scheme. This book aims to promote and highlight the value of ISSC development to both the national and global public. It not only provides an overview of ISSC, but also examines its contribution to the achievement of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This book elaborates the achievements of ISSC based on 5 (five) pillars of SDGs: people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. Here, we can see how ISSC has contributed to eradicate poverty and hunger and create prosperity through various economic, social, and technological endeavors. This cooperation scheme also aims to protect the earth from degradation while create peace, justice, and an inclusive society. Moreover, ISSC reflects the spirit of partnership in implementing SDGs. Based on these achievements, it is argued that SSC increasingly important and strategic. SSC has become a development priority as stipulated by Law No. 17 of 2007 concerning the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) 2005-2025. Meanwhile, in Indonesia’s foreign policy, SSC is critical to achieve national interests and global development agenda.

SSC can increase Indonesia’s branding at the international level by enhancing its soft power while supporting the implementation and attainability of the global development agenda, such as the SDG 2030, by both its quantity and quality. Indonesia has also advanced its role in the SSC as a new emerging donor that can carry out a dual role as a recipient and, simultaneously, as a donor. Indonesia’s SSC in the future truly reflects ‘hands-on diplomacy.’

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